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What I Care About This Week | 2021 March 8

The Summary

The Details

Market news and commentary has been dominated by the Federal Reserve the past few weeks (I lump inflation in with the Federal Reserve). Since the story of the Fed is largely a story of changes in liquidity, I spent some time over recent months trying to better understand the role of liquidity in market pricing. The high-level results of that analysis were recently published at the CFA Institute’s blog.

In a nutshell, when you add cash to the marketplace, investors will pay a higher price for the exact same investment. Conversely, when you remove that cash from the marketplace, investors pay lower prices. Neither of these pricing effects have anything at all to do with a change in the fundamentals of an investment, they are entirely driven by the relative liquidity of investors operating in the market.

While this may seem obvious, it is not the traditional view of markets.

I have been mildly surprised by the reaction of various money managers to the actions of the Federal Reserve. Traditional value investors have been frustrated at the absurd expansion in stock valuations. Growth-oriented investors—the main beneficiaries of Fed policy—have taken a few victory laps, while macro-oriented investors, like Ray Dalio’s Bridgewater Associates, realized quickly that their fortunes are intimately tied to Fed policy. Last year, in fact, Dalio quickly called on the Fed to “go big” in their efforts to salvage the Covid-striken economy. Coincidentally, his fund was down 20% at the time (and has recovered in the wake of the Fed’s actions).

The point is, liquidity matters differently to different investment styles. For growth-oriented investors, the massive expansion in liquidity has been a tailwind driving increased valuations. Value-oriented investors, however, have experienced a marketplace that does not reward well-run companies nor punish poorly-run companies. Recent liquidity flows have created winners and losers.

But things change often in markets. As Bob Dylan said, “for the loser now will be later to win… for the times they are a changin’.” In times like today, mental flexibility and an ability to adjust quickly can be the difference between achieving your goals or not.

Chart of the Week

We have some historical examples of how markets react during rising rates. In 2013, we had the “taper tantrum” wherein the 10-year US Treasury moved upward 1.35 percentage points in the space of about four months. In this week’s chart, we look at how this move affected markets, and how the current year compares.

In May 2013, the 10-year US Treasury began to move slowly upward (bottom panel in the top chart below). Note that it took almost a month before markets began to readjust. From its peak in mid-May, the S&P 500 (top panel in chart below) fell about 6% over the course of a month. It rebounded strongly, rallying 8% in July, only to fall another 4.5% into September. As the 10-year US Treasury stabilized, markets recovered strongly, rallying 6% through September 2013. After another quick downswing, the S&P moved steadily higher afterward.

This is all eerily similar to recent market moves (bottom chart). Since January 2021, the 10-year US Treasury yield has moved from about 1.0% to 1.6%, and is expected to continue its climb. As in 2013, it took a solid month for markets to realize this move was here to stay. Similar to 2013, there have been moves down and back up.

Of course, the moves in 2013 took 4-6 months, and we are only about 3 months into the current move. As in 2013, I would expect to see continued volatility in stocks, but with a general trend upward. And while history doesn’t repeat itself exactly, it does tend to rhyme—It looks like 2021 is going to rhyme with 2013.

2013: the S&P 500 (top panel) and the 10-year US Treasury Yield (bottom panel)
2021: The S&P 500 (top panel) and the 10-year US Treasury yield (bottom panel).

This document is a general communication being provided for informational purposes only. It is educational in nature and not designed to be taken as advice or a recommendation for any specific investment product, strategy, plan feature or other purpose in any jurisdiction, nor is it a commitment from Directional Advisors to participate in any of the transactions mentioned herein. Any examples used are generic, hypothetical and for illustration purposes only. This material does not contain sufficient information to support an investment decision and it should not be relied upon by you in evaluating the merits of investing in any securities or products. In addition, users should make an independent assessment of the legal, regulatory, tax, credit, and accounting implications and determine, together with their own financial professionals, if any investment mentioned herein is believed to be appropriate to their personal goals. Investors should ensure that they obtain all available relevant information before making any investment. Any forecasts, figures, opinions or investment techniques and strategies set out are for information purposes only, based on certain assumptions and current market conditions and are subject to change without prior notice. All information presented herein is considered to be accurate at the time of production, but no warranty of accuracy is given and no liability in respect of any error or omission is accepted. It should be noted that investment involves risks, the value of investments and the income from them may fluctuate in accordance with market conditions and taxation agreements and investors may not get back the full amount invested. Both past performance and yields are not reliable indicators of current and future results.

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